“In Mexico, in addition to the structural challenges that have affected indigenous peoples, generating significant gaps regarding inequality, marginalization and access to their rights, indigenous peoples also face violence from different actors, including organized crime groups, who dispute the control of their territory. Leaders of these peoples are particularly exposed to reprisals or violent actions due to their visibility when defending their territory and way of life. Their assassinations or disappearances have a chilling effect on all indigenous people…”
Land and Territory
This article highlights the plight of campesino farmers in Chiapas. Despite massive profits being made by middlemen and the agroindustry, Chiapas remains the poorest state of the Mexican federation. It also illustrates the inherent flaws of the Sembrando Vida program, which, although it may be beneficial to larger landholders, is perjudicial to most.
“It is not a military campaign but the largest military deployment in history” (https://bit.ly/38MWiBk), which is concentrated around those who are rehearsing autonomous societal forms such as the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) and modes of organizational resistance through the National Indigenous Congress (Congreso Nacional Indígena)…
As Latin American economies continue to be based on an extractivist model, recovery and control of territory by indigenous is gradually slowing down. This not only has dire consequences for the indigenous peoples directly affected themselves, but also for the entire planet, as the territories which are inhabited by these peoples are better conserved and have the highest levels of biodiversity on the planet.