The megaproject puts greater pressure on water resources in a region where abundance and overexploitation of the resource coexist. For example, according to Conagua figures, of the 21 aquifers in Oaxaca, five show a deficit, and in Veracruz, of the 20 phreatic mantles (water tables), five suffer excessive extraction, such as the Papaloapan river basin. All these areas are on the route of the Interoceanic Corridor.
In the run-up to the signing of NAFTA, Mexico entered into an extractivist boom, repealing limiting legislation from the Constitution and opening its territory to foreign investment. This exponential increase in territory under concession, as revealed by a recent investigation, has brought only dispossession and environmental degradation, and as it has in Chiapas, an increase in organized crime.
In the last week of May, the deadly Sinaloa and CJNG Cartels ravaged the southern border of Chiapas in a dispute over territory. Residents were forcibly conscripted and threatened with their lives for four days before any State authorities intervened. While many factors are at play, this article fills in a few details of the history and allure of the region for these criminal players.
President Andrés Manuel López Obrador published, on May 8th in the Official Gazette of the Federation (DOF), the reforms to the Mining, National Waters, Ecological Balance and Environmental Protection, and Prevention and Integral Waste Management Laws, approved on April 28 by the Plenary of the Senate of the Republic.
While the changes were celebrated by many environmental activists and organizations, the agrarian lawyer who is part of the legal team of the National Indigenous Congress (CNI), Carlos González, classified the reforms as “half-baked.”